A bleak assessment of the possibility of Nigeria swiftly dealing with Boko Haram comes from Dr Raufu Mustapha, from Oxford's Department of International Development.
At a lecture this week he told Nigeria watchers there was little prospect of a settlement with the group.
"How can you negotiate with someone who might kill you for disagreeing with him?" he said.
His direction for remedy; Address the problems that make young educated-but-not-connected men available for recruitment, and provide security and policing that is not totally contemptuous of human rights.
A bleak future indeed.